Question: Are you able to please describe how dye sublimation printing works? Which kind of printer is utilized? Will it be the same as heat transfer printing?
Answer: Wow! All very good and related inquiries to the dye sub as well as heat transfer printing of fabric, among my personal favorite strategies to print fabric and also other items, even if this answer will deal mostly with polyester fabric.
First, there are two kinds of sublimation paper roll. One uses ribbon so transfer color into a transfer paper, and the other is the same basic printing method as digital printing except you will find differences between ink and dye. And also the same printers works extremely well, although not interchangeably due to the differences between dyes and ink.
Inkjet printing uses, typically, what is known the “four color process” printing method. The four colors are also known in shorthand as CMYK ink colors. CMYK is short for Cyan-Magenta, Yellow, and Black, which in virtually any combination will print virtually any color, excluding neon colors or metallic colors, but a majority of colors within the photo spectrum.
As a result of limitations of CMYK inks, additional colors have been added to some printers that happen to be now referred to as 6 color digital printers, having added an easy cyan along with a light magenta to arrive at some of the harder colors to create within the printing process. Some printers have even added orange and green cartridges at the same time.
Dye sublimation printing is slightly different. The dyes used are exactly like ink, though with some differences. The ink looking for dye sub printing is yet another four color process (best known in shorthand as 4CP), although the shorthand version the following is CMYO, or cyan-magenta-yellow-overprint clear. Where will be the black, you might wonder? It might be hard to produce a full color spectrum without black!
To clarify in which the black went, or rather better, where it appears from in CMYO dye sublimation printing, I need to look into the rest of the way it operates. As mentioned previously, a standard 4CP inkjet printer is needed to print dyes also, although the dye should be printed on a treated paper cleverly named “transfer paper.”
A photo is printed in reverse (or mirror printed) in the neon sublimation ink. The paper is matched up to and including part of fabric. The fabric cannot be an all natural fiber due to process that will be explained momentarily. The fabric typically used most of the time is polyester as it is a flexible fiber that may be made to look like anything from an oil canvas into a sheer fabric to some double-sided knit material which can be made in to a double-sided flag or banner.
After the paper is matched towards the fabric, it is run through heated rollers at high-pressure. The rollers are heated to simply under 400 degrees Fahrenheit or 210 degrees Celsius. Because the fabric goes through the heated rollers, two things happen. First, the pores or cells of your poly-fabric open, while simultaneously the dye on the paper is transformed into a gaseous state. The gas impregnates the open cells which close while they leave the heated rollers. This results in a continuous tone print which can not be achieved using an inkjet printer as a result of dot pattern laid down by the inkjets.
If an item for example plastic or aluminum is coated by using a special polymeric coating, these materials may also be printed. Besides banners and posters and flags, other items that happen to be commonly dexupky33 with dye sublimation heat transfer printing are clothing items like T-shirts, table covers, sportswear, ID cards, and signs.
Some benefits to wholesale heat transfer vinyl would be that the image is an element of the fabric, so that it doesn’t remove like ink on the surface of fabric or another materials and definately will not fade for quite some time. The dye cannot build up on fabric like t-shirts either. Everyone had worn a printed shirt the location where the ink felt as if it was very stiff on the outside from the material, and also over time it will begin to flake off. This may not happen with dye sublimation.
Other advantages are the colors may be more brilliant than other printing as a result of technique of dye sublimation along with the continuous tones which can be achieved if the dye converts to a gaseous state. Because in printing garments the material is printed ahead of the shirt or jacket is constructed, the photo can proceed to the edge of the fabric which is not achievable typically with screen printed shirts.